Have you ignored your vegetable garden or raised beds this winter? If the answer is yes, it may be time to bring the car over and stain your hands, as there are many things that can help you prepare for spring and increase your garden production. 

1. Plan the garden

If you are redesigning your garden, use aerosol garden chalk to mark the location of new trees, shrubs, or garden beds on the ground, indicating their location. Chalk comes in many colors. This is like painting, only temporary, and can be used in any garden center.

2. Clean up the garden

Spring is a good time to clean up the garden. The garden needs cleaning before spring comes. You need to clean up dead leaves, fallen leaves, and other debris in the park. Clean up dried plants and withered flowers, and trim dead or damaged branches. This helps promote plant growth and reduce the breeding of diseases and pests.

garden bed

3. Pruning

Before spring begins, you need to inspect and trim the plants in the garden. Cut dead, damaged, or excessively long branches to promote the healthy growth of plants.

4. Fertilization

In spring, plants begin to enter the growth period. Applying an appropriate amount of organic fertilizer can provide plants with the nutrients they need and promote their healthy growth.

5. Soil improvement

Soil quality is very important for plant growth. Therefore, before spring begins, you need to prepare fertile soil for your garden. You can add some organic fertilizers, decaying compost, etc. to the soil to improve the soil quality.

6. Planting

Spring is a good time for plants to grow. You can choose to plant some suitable plants in the spring. Before planting, it is necessary to prepare the soil and select suitable plants for growth. Order seeds such as beans, corn, eggplant, pepper, pumpkin, tomato, and zucchini for spring and summer gardens. If your area allows, continue to grow seeds of cold season vegetables such as broccoli, beets, and lettuce.

Plant blue, brown, orange, peach, white, and yellow English primroses on sunny windowsills. When they stop flowering, plant them in the sun or in the shade of the garden. They will bloom again in autumn. The seeds of warm season vegetables such as cucumbers, eggplants, melons, peppers, pumpkins, and tomatoes will be planted indoors in order to ripen in time in May (June in cold countries) for outdoor planting.

Place the remaining vegetable seeds from last year on a damp paper towel to test their viability. Fold the towel over the seeds and place it in a plastic bag. Write the name of the vegetable on the bag. Store at room temperature and inspect the seeds for germination after a week. If not, it's time to order alternative seeds.

7. Prevention and control of diseases and insect pests

Spring is also a season of high incidence of diseases and insect pests, and prevention and control work needs to be done well. You can use organic pesticides, increase ventilation, disinfect soil, and other methods to protect plant health. You need to take preventive and control measures, including spraying pesticides, increasing ventilation, and other methods to protect the health of plants.

8. Pay attention to water management

As the temperature rises in spring, water management should also be taken seriously. Avoid over watering and keep the soil moist but not moist. Water the garden before predicting frost. Plants are less susceptible to damage when the soil is wet.

garden bed

9. Check the irrigation system

Before spring comes, it is necessary to check whether the irrigation system is working properly. Check the sprinklers, spray pipes, faucets, etc. to ensure that all equipment is in normal working condition.

10. Potting or Transplanting

If you have some indoor plants that need to be potted or transplanted, spring is a good time. You can replace plants with larger flower pots or transplant them to flower beds.

In short, preparing for a spring garden is the foundation for garden beautification and plant growth. Measures such as clearing parks, pruning, fertilizing, improving soil, and planting can provide the necessary conditions for the healthy growth of plants. At the same time, focusing on pest control and water management can better protect plant health.

March 29, 2023

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