I found that many of my friends have just started to plant vegetables or have not planted vegetables for a long time. Today, I will sort out and share some mistakes that are easy for beginners to make in family planting vegetables. I hope to help you, so that you can avoid some detours on the road of planting vegetables.The following content also has some reference value for raised garden beds.
01, watering too often
As with flowers, the rarest cause of many vegetable problems is too much watering.
Novice vegetables tend to be full of expectations for the vegetables, every day would like to see seven or eight times, looking at unconsciously to pour some water to the vegetables, lest the drought.
As a result, the poor vegetables died from too much water. Many pro are morning and evening each watering once, so it is a little too much ~
So how often should I water it? How much water should I water every day? To be honest, there is no right answer, just follow the rule: water only when it is slightly dry.
Because vegetable roots can only absorb the tiny water molecules that are stored between the soil particles, and they also need enough air (which is why the soil is breathable) to keep the roots' cells active, moderate soil redrying is essential.
Vegetables drown or rot to the roots, usually because the soil is so saturated that the roots can't breathe, causing them to suffocate.
A common test to see if it's time to water is to dig your finger into the soil and water it if it's dry inside, but not if it's dry outside but still wet inside (you can also use a wooden pole or something else instead).
After water pouring more vegetables will generally appear as follows:
Bare, crazy long stems, long legs.
Leaves yellow, a lot of people mistakenly think is lack of fertilizer, but actually in the seedling stage will rarely have a lack of fertilizer, most of the water is big.
Rotted roots: When you dig up a dead plant and find that the roots have rotted away.
02, watering time is not appropriate
Usually go to work pro are generally morning or evening watering, this time is correct.
But there are also some usually do not have to go out of the pro, at noon to water plants, especially in the summer so watering easy to hurt vegetables.
On the one hand, since the noon is generally when photosynthesis is strong, watering will affect the stomatal dredging of plants and reduce the efficiency of photosynthesis. On the other hand, when the temperature is high at noon, watering at noon is easy to cause the phenomenon of "fried" root of vegetables after being stimulated by cold water, causing damage to vegetables (of course, there are other effects).
03, planting too close not willing to thin
Considering the success rate of germination, we usually like to spread more seeds, which tend to grow more densely after germination. Looking at a little grow up seedlings, a lot of food friends are not willing to pull out, but this will lead to which trees are not good.
So reluctant to uproot seedlings to plant bad dishes, should be pulled out (the lost seedlings can also be eaten or transplanted to other containers).
04, disorderly "fertilization"
Proper fertilization in the process of growing vegetables can help plants grow well. Many relatives heard that life in rice water, tea roots and so on is a good fertilizer, so every time after washing rice and tea will be directly poured water in the basin. The result is a lot of bugs in the basin. Fertilizer did not make, but a lot of small animals ~~
Many of them are among the best organic liquid manure "raw materials". However, some of them can't be directly used, so they have to be classified as compost or fermented in advance.
05, pests and diseases serious just think of prevention and control
This is a common mistake of all vegetable farmers. Once the vegetable disease, often three or five days in the outbreak of disaster, not timely detection and take preventive measures, later will become a devastating disaster.
Therefore, we should observe frequently at ordinary times, and it is best to find and stop pests and diseases when they have just emerged.
But when it comes to pests, it's about prevention. Therefore, it is best to do a good job in the prevention of pests and diseases, after all, as long as the occurrence of pests and diseases is not easy to control. For example, the cultivation of soil disinfection awareness, seedling long to a certain height after doing some green insecticide spray.
06, topping, dressing, pollination
Topping, trimming and artificial pollination are necessary processes for many fruits and vegetables.Many novice vegetable lovers don't realize this and end up with very tall or lush plants but little or very small fruit, which is very frustrating. So if you have melon vegetables must do a good job of topping, dressing, pollination and so on.