Follow these basic organic gardening techniques for beginners and experienced gardeners, and move to organic. The following content also has some reference value for raised garden beds.
Planting organic vegetables means your family can enjoy healthy, delicious and fresh agricultural products without synthetic chemicals or pesticides. Some basic knowledge of organic gardening is the same as that of non organic gardening. Plant in a sunny place for at least six hours a day (8 to 10 hours is better). Since all gardens need to be watered frequently, please ensure that your taps and hoses can reach all corners of the plot.
Start with organic garden soil and mulch
To build a healthy organic vegetable garden, you need to start with healthy soil. The most important component of soil is organic matter, such as manure, peat moss or compost - the latter is the best choice because it contains microorganisms that rotted from previous plant life. These microorganisms provide nutrients for plants. You can create your own compost heap by specifying an area or trash can for organic decomposition. Or, if you have a large garden, you can buy it in bulk, or use bagged compost from the garden center and home improvement stores.
Reduce weeds by placing a 1 - to 2-inch layer of mulch on the soil. It will form a barrier to prevent weeds from absorbing sunlight and sprouting. This cover also prevents fungal spores from floating onto plant leaves. Use organic materials (such as cocoa bean shells, weedless straw or newspapers) as mulch to add beneficial organic substances to the soil when they decompose.
Use organic garden fertilizer
Fertilizing vegetables will help them grow faster and yield more. The types of organic fertilizer include the feces of rotting herbivores (rabbits, horses, sheep, chickens), and prepackaged organic fertilizer purchased online or in your local garden center. You can also find various organic fertilizers in the garden center and the home decoration shop.
Editor's note: If you already have fertile soil, consider skipping fertilization. Too many good things will make your plants grow many lush and soft plants that pests like.
Seedling shopping skills
When purchasing seedlings, the promotion service experts recommend selecting varieties with healthy colors and no yellow leaves. Avoid drooping or withered leaves. When you purchase a transplant plant, gently tap the plant out of the pot to ensure that the root is well developed and white. Avoid using plants that have sprouted or blossomed. If you cannot avoid them, please remove the buds and flowers before planting to ensure that the energy of the plant is concentrated on the new root.
Organic elevated bed
Elevated plots are popular because they are easier to care for. Keep the bed small so you don't have to stretch too far or step on the soil.
Implement crop rotation.
Since many closely related plants are affected by the same disease, please avoid planting them in the place where their relatives planted them a year or two ago. The two biggest families to watch out for are the tomato family (tomato, pepper, potato, eggplant) and the pumpkin family (zucchini, pumpkin, cucumber, watermelon). Rotating crops to different parts of the garden can help limit the development of disease and deplete the nutrients in the soil.
How to select weeds
Oh, those annoying weeds. They appear suddenly overnight. Gardeners should plan to weed almost every day. It is easier to remove weeds by hand after rain or watering. (If the soil is really wet and muddy, wait for it to dry a little.) There are several ways to pull up weeds. One is to gently hold the base of the stem while pulling out the root. Or use a weeding knife to pry out the roots. You can also use a hoe to scrape off the top of the weeds, taking care not to damage any vegetables. Note that if the roots are not removed, the weeds will regrow.
Weeds will not only compete with plants for water and nutrients, but also attract pests. Many insects transmit diseases when they eat and move from one plant to another. The most organic (and simplest) way to control insects in the garden is to pick them with your hands. If you are delicate, wear gloves.
Keep the garden clean
Many diseases spread rapidly among dead leaves. So walk through your garden once a week (more often if possible) and pick up fallen leaves. Sometimes you can prevent disease from spreading throughout the plant by plucking infected leaves. Throw dead or diseased leaves into the trash can instead of composting.
Water wisely and air plants
Moist leaves, especially in the afternoon or evening, will promote the growth of mold, such as powdery mildew or downy mildew. Do not water from the top, but use water-saving hoses to deliver water directly to the root and prevent splashing.
Please be sure to observe the spacing requirements on the seed package to avoid congestion. Good airflow between plants helps prevent many fungal diseases.
The best plant for attracting beneficial insects
Plant these flowers around your garden to attract helpful insects, including bumblebees that pollinate plants, ladybugs and mantis that prey on harmful insects.