Direct sowing is an economical and straightforward method, especially suitable for summer crops. In this article, we will explore why direct sowing is preferable to transplanting and introduce six summer crops that are ideal for direct sowing, along with specific planting methods.

Why Choose Direct Sowing?

  1. Cost-Effective: Buying a packet of seeds usually costs only $3 to $4, whereas a single transplant can cost $3 to $5 or more. Therefore, direct sowing significantly reduces planting costs.
  2. Simplicity: Direct sowing eliminates the need for transplanting, reducing disturbance to the plant roots, which helps plants grow more healthily.
  3. Superiority: Many crops adapt better to direct sowing because they do not like their roots to be disturbed.

Recommended Six Summer Crops

  1. Basil:

   - Planting Depth: 1/4 inch

   - Spacing: 12-18 inches

   - Benefits: Basil deters pests and attracts beneficial insects, making it an easy-to-grow herb.

  1. Beans:

   - Planting Depth: 1 inch

   - Spacing: 6 inches (between plants), 18-24 inches (between rows)

   - Types: Bush beans (no trellis needed) and pole beans (require a trellis).

  1. Cucumbers:

   - Planting Depth: 1 inch

   - Spacing: 12-18 inches (between plants), 3-4 feet (between rows)

   - Benefits: Providing a trellis helps prevent diseases and pest issues, and makes harvesting easier.

  1. Melons:

   - Planting Depth: 1/2-1 inch

   - Spacing: 3-4 feet (between plants), 5-6 feet (between rows)

   - Benefits: Melons need ample space to grow, avoiding tangling of vines.

  1. Okra:

   - Planting Depth: 1/2 inch

   - Spacing: 1 foot (between plants), 3-4 feet (between rows)

   - Benefits: Okra grows quickly in warm weather, often allowing daily harvests of pods.

  1. Squash:

   - Planting Depth: 1 inch

   - Spacing: Varies by variety; summer squash can be planted closer, while winter squash and pumpkins need more space.

   - Benefits: All types of squash are suitable for direct sowing, with fast germination and vigorous growth.

Solving Common Problems in Direct Sowing

  1. Snails and Birds:

   - Use slug bait like Sluggo around the planting area to prevent snail and bird attacks.

   - Use protective measures like shading baskets to prevent birds from pecking seedlings.

  1. Seeds Not Germinating:

   - If seeds do not germinate, simply replant. Warmer weather usually helps seeds germinate quickly, catching up with the first batch.


Direct sowing is a simple and efficient planting method, particularly suitable for summer crops. By direct sowing, you ensure the roots of the crops are not disturbed, promoting healthy growth. Additionally, direct sowing significantly reduces planting costs, allowing you to easily harvest abundant summer crops. I hope this article provides useful guidance for your summer planting.

June 13, 2024

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