Every autumn, many people can squeeze out another batch of autumn vegetables. They say time determines everything, but it's actually when you consider planting in the fall.The following content also has some reference value for raised garden beds.
Almost every place has a list of expected dates for the first and last frost. Of course, not all frost dates are the same. Before starting, you need to study your expected frost date. Once you know your frost date, it's time to see what you're growing. When does your crop mature? For example, if your first frost usually occurs in late November, and your plant takes 60 days to mature, you may want to plant in late August or early September.
Of course, if you are planting seeds, you need to add a little extra time. After all, germination is slow - it can take up to two weeks for autumn vegetables to sprout and form a true pair of leaves, while for some people, it can take longer. And most people don't like to sow seeds directly in the hot summer.
Add the expected germination time to the ripening time, plus a week or two to prevent early frost. Countdown from the expected frost date, that's when you should plant seeds! But you may ask what to plant in autumn. Please allow me to give you a list of popular vegetables planted in autumn!
Edible leafy plants: These plants usually taste bitter or germinate in late summer. Examples include lettuce, kale, mustard, arugula, spinach, Swiss beet, or kale. Some varieties are particularly cold resistant, so you may want to consider a variety that performs well in cool months.
Head vegetables: This is a good time to grow vegetables such as cauliflower, cauliflower, cabbage, Napa cabbage, cabbage, or chicory throughout the year. Brussels sprouts are also a great choice for autumn gardens. In some areas, you will get a good autumn harvest. In other regions, these crops can be planted in winter to achieve early winter and even early spring harvests.
Now is your chance to grow onions, scallions, leeks, and garlic. You can also plant onions in areas where ice or snow is unlikely, as with beautiful mulch, onions can continue to grow throughout the winter.
Root vegetables: Various root vegetables grow well in autumn, including carrots, parsnips, radishes, beets, radishes, turnips, and turnips.
Other Vegetables: Peas like cool weather in autumn, so they are very suitable for planting in autumn. Some varieties of shrub beans also perform well at this time of year, harvesting well in late autumn, just in time for your Thanksgiving dinner. In a climate where there is almost no frost, you can secretly plant a batch of frost resistant cucumbers.
If you fall behind on your autumn garden planting plan, it's time to pick the seedlings. If you have started with seeds and you have formed at least a few leaves, it is time to transplant! You can do this during midsummer and late summer when vegetables are still roaming the garden, or you can remove old plants and plant new crops.
Once your bed is ready, bring autumn plants to the desired planting location. Dig some holes just enough to mix your seedlings with the soil. Remove the seedlings and their soil from the tray or container and place them directly underground. Try not to add too much soil to the seed starting soil.
Agricultural products grown in autumn tend to be crisp, sweet, and fresh because cool temperatures help plants retain moisture. With the growth of autumn plants, especially root crops such as sugar beets, you have several options. You can leave them in the field until they become large, or you can harvest them when they are young. If you want them to mature longer, you need to protect them so they can survive the mild frost.
The stems of plants such as cabbage and cauliflower can be neatly cut, leaving the rest to rot slowly in the field, adding additional fertility to the plants next year. You can extend these plants for a long time, but remember that some plants will be destroyed by the first frost. Others, such as kale and Brussels sprouts, can withstand the cold even in mild frost.
Additional autumn gardening tips
If you are not planting vegetables on a designated seedbed this season, you may want to consider planting mulch crops. Covering crops can be a good source of fixed nutrients for soil. In addition, the plant matter you cultivate in the spring will be composted, adding more valuable nutrients to your soil.
If you have a fruit tree, be sure to collect the fallen fruit from under it in autumn. This helps prevent diseases in the soil and reduces the number of wasps, fruit flies, or other related insects. "You can pile fallen fruit in a pile or composter under more controlled conditions, where diseases and seeds can be killed, but leaving the fruit where it fell is not good.
Since August and September, sometimes October is the month when pumpkins and other winter pumpkins begin to mature, you can protect these plants by placing the fruit on a clay tile or an old plate. This helps prevent the fruit from rotting at the bottom. If you have any pests trying to eat the pumpkin, you can protect it with an old nylon stocking outside.
Trim the seed heads of self sown plants, such as lemon balm or countless weeds that may appear in the yard. This helps keep them away from your garden in the spring.
This is the time of year to harvest a large amount of herbs. "You can dehydrate them or bundle them, hang them in a cool, dry place with a lot of airflow around them, and provide herbs throughout the winter.".
It's time to cover the garden. Although coverage is good throughout the year, it is particularly beneficial in autumn and winter. Covering helps maintain moisture in the soil. In addition, it adds an additional layer of protection to the roots of plants from the effects of snow. It can also be decomposed from the continuous humidity in winter, adding more organic substances to the soil.
In autumn, the leaves will rain, and now is the best time to collect the leaves and start a batch of leaf composting. This is a good organic material for your garden!